Lajjalu Mimosa pudica Linn.
Family ; Mimosaceae.
Habitat; Native to tropical America; naturalized in tropical and subtropical regions of India.
English; Sensitive-plant, Humble- Plant.
Ayurvedic; Lajjaalu, Laajavanti, Namaskaari, Samangaa, Sanko-chini, Shamipatraa, Khadirkaa, Raktapaadi.
Unani; Chhuimui, Sharmili, Laajwanti.
Action; Leaf—astringent, alterative, anti-septic, styptic, blood puriﬁer. Used for Diarrhea, dysentery, Haemophilic conditions, leucorrhoea, morbid conditions of vagina, piles, ﬁstula, hydrocele and glandular swellings. Root—used in gravel and urinary complaints. A decoction is taken to relieve asthma. The plant contains mimosine and turgorin. The periodic leaf movements exhibited by the plant are due to presence of derivatives of 4-O- (beta-D-glucopyranosyl-6’-sulphate) Gallic acid. The aerial parts of the plant contain C-glycosylﬂavones, 2’’ – O-rhamnosylorientin and 2’’ -O- rhamnosylisoorientin.
Dosage; Whole plant, root—10– 20 ml juice; 50–100 ml decoction. (CCRAS.) Whole plant—10–20g for decoction. (API, Vol. II.)
Bhavaprakash and Kaiyadeva Nighantu have described its properties and uses: “Lajjalu is sheeta in veerya, Tikta (bitter) and Kashaya (astringent) Kapha pitta hara, useful in Yoni roga (disease of genitourinary tract of females) Atisara (Diarrhea) and Raktapitta (bleeding from various organs) “.
“Mimosa pudica was found to be very useful in this case of uterine bleeding and Prolapse such 1st and 2° Prolapse Uterus . Hysterectomy have been successfully treated and cured Uterine Prolapse (Garbhashaya Bhramsha) & Rectal Prolapse (Guda Bhramsha). Bulky Uterus, Arsha (Piles) Bhagandar (fistula-in-ano), External & internal Bleeding & Non Bleeding. Rajah (Dysmenorrhoea) svetPradara (Leucorrhoea), Yonivyapad (Vaginal-uterine disorders), Raktayoni (Dysfunctional uterine bleeding -DUB), Urinary infection.
Useful Parts: Roots, leaves and flower heads.
Traditional Medicinal Uses: According to Ayurveda, root is bitter, acrid, cooling, vulnerary, alexipharmic and used in treatment of biliousness, leprosy, dysentery, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammations, burning sensation, fatigue, asthma, leucoderma, blood diseases etc. According to the Unani system of medicine, root is resolvent, alternative, useful in diseases arising from blood impurities and bile, bilious fevers, piles, jaundice, leprosy etc.
Chemical Constituent: Contains an alkaloid Mimosine. Roots contain tannin, ash, calcium oxalate crystals and mimosin.
Grown as garden herb
Useful for green manuring
Can be used as fodder.
Suitable for growing in wastelands
Seed yield an oil like Soybean oil with similar properties